Turf Grass Research

EMPIRE Turf Research At Sod Solutions, we work with Universities and Turf Farms across the country to research the traits and characteristics of our improved turf varieties. Our research has addressed questions on water usage and needs, shade tolerance, traffic tolerance, herbicide usage for weed control, insect damage and control, erosion control, and more. In the menu to the left you can click on each respective grass to jump to the completed studies and current research in progress for each variety.Sapphire 60 Days After Planting We also do general research that features research projects involving many grasses or particular turf issues that we have helped to fund or believe that you may find useful. We are always interested in gaining more scientific data our varieties, so if you are a researcher intrested in working with us on a future project please contact Roberto Gurgel, our Director of Research at rgurgel@sodsolutions.com.

General On Going Research


Palmetto St. Augustine Research


Clemson University - Palmetto St. Augustine Tolerance to Asulox and MSMA 
Clemson University - Palmetto St. Augustine Tolerance to Various Broadleaf Herbicides

EMPIRE Turf Research


Clemson University - Evaluation of EMPIRE Zoysiagrass at Elevated Rates of Herbicides


Texas A&M - Drought Tolerance & Drought Resistance - EMPIRE 
Roberto Gurgel - Drought Tolerance Mechanisms for EMPIRE Turf

Fertilization & Deficit Irrigation

University of Florida - Fertilization, Deficit Irrigation and Nutrient Leaching Study

Mowing Frequency

Ozbreed Australia - Mowing Height and Frequency Among Turf Varieties

Erosion Control

Australia Crop & Nursery Service - Soil Strength

Research in Progress

Texas A&M LGIS
Ruskin: New Zoysia Study (Internal): Selected Atlantic Zoysia & Geo Zoysia 
University of Tennessee-Martin: PGR Study

Celebration Turf Research

Research Summary Sheet

Celebration Research Summary Listings 


Clemson University - Two Year Study on Shade Tolerance of 42 Bermudagrass Cultivars 
Clemson University - Bermudagrass and Zoysiagrass Shade Study with Four Cultivars


Texas A&M - Drought Tolerance & Drought Resistance - Celebration 
Clemson University - Drought Tolerance of Six Bermuda Cultivars


Agricumbia - Celebration Requires Less Nitrogen Than 419

Divot Injury & Wear Recovery

USGA - Evaluating Bermudagrass Cultivars for Traffic Tolerance and Recuperative Ability 
University of Arkansas - Divot Injury Recovery 
N.C. State University - Turf Grass Center Report: What's New With Bermudagrass? 
N.C. State University - Athletic Traffic Simulation


Instituto Agronomico, São Paulo - Morphological, Agronomic, and Molecular Characteristics of Cultivars and Hybrids of Cynodon Dactylon for Ornamental Purposes

Captiva St. Augustine Research


Captiva St. Augustine Overview - Dr. Kevin Kenworthy & Dr. L.E. Trenholm 
Captiva Research Report - Dr. Russell Nagata 
Captiva Plant Patent Information - Dr. Russell Nagata
Resistance to Tropical Sod Webworm in Cultivars of St. Augustinegrass - Turf News


Sapphire St. Augustine Research

Comparative Evaluation

Auburn University - Comparative Evaluations for St. Augustine Grass 
Virginia Tech - Evaluation of St. Augustine Cultivars